Winery data

Winery size

Tonnes crushed - Total tonnage of grapes crushed at the winery last year, including grapes crushed on behalf of other businesses.

Biodiversity area - Please Note: In order to avoid double counting please report only on the Biodiversity Area that is associated with this site. Calculate the area that you actively contribute to (either on the same property as the vineyard / winery or off site), with the primary purpose being to protect, maintain, restore, rehabilitate or revegetate native habitat. This can include areas that have a secondary recreational, income-generating or waste management purpose (such as eco-tourism, carbon farming or releasing treated winery wastewater) provided that these activities do not degrade the native habitat potential of the area. However, do not include areas that are used regularly for domestic animal grazing. You can include in this figure areas that are not owned by the business, but that your business makes the leading contribution to the care of, for example through weed control and revegetation of a nearby creek on public land. Do not include the area of native plant cover crops in the vineyard.

Winemaking volumes

Please estimate the amount of grapes and wine processed in the last financial year for each activity listed below, including contracted winemaking and bottling activities. One kilolitre is the same volume as 1000 litres or a cubic metre (m3).
 

Full winemaking - Report the kL of wine that were processed from grape crushing to finished wine at this site.

First stage winemaking only - Report the kL of juice or wine that was produced from grapes crushed at this site but finished elsewhere. In the case of white wine usually sent off-site as juice, in the case of red wine sent off-site as red wine ex. press for maturation.

Final stage winemaking only - Report the kL of unfinished juice or wine from elsewhere that is finished at this site.

Packaging volumes

Own wine packaged on site - If you conducted bottling/packaging at this winery site, report the volume of wine that was made and bottled/packaged at this winery (kL)

Wine packaged on behalf of others - If you conducted bottling/packaging at this winery site, report the volume of wine from other wineries that was bottled or packaged at this winery (i.e. under contract). However, if contract winemaking was also performed for the wine, count that volume as your own and enter it in the field above.

Water & wastewater

Water used - Report the total volume of water that was used in the winery during the year. If not separately metered from other activities such as cellar door, restaurant and watering lawns etcetera, estimate the relevant portion.

Wastewater generated - Total volume of wastewater generated at the winery.

Wastewater recycled - Recycled water use is using treated winery wastewater for a purpose such as addition to an irrigation dam for vineyard, crop or woodlot watering, or maintaining a wetland.

Do you have biological wastewater treatment onsite? - Biological wastewater treatment is a vessel, pond, lagoon ,etc where the organic matter in the water is broken down by microorganisms. Select "no" if wastewater is sent offsite for treatment or irrigated directly without biological treatment.

Principal treatment type - Wastewater treatment system type for onsite treatment. If multiple or staged systems exist, please select the system which handles the majority of the organic matter.

-Managed aerobic - aerated ponds/lagoons controlled by DO measurement.

-Shallow anaerobic lagoon - non-aerated ponds/lagoons less than 2m deep.

-Unmanaged aerobic - aerated ponds/lagoons with no active control or measurement.

-Anaerobic digestor/reactor - covered lagoons used to create biogas which may or may not be burned for energy recovery.

-Deep anaerobic lagoon - non-aerated ponds/lagoons more tan 2m deep.

Average inlet COD - Average chemical oxygen demand of the wastewater over the reporting year. If BOD is measured instead of COD, a conversion can be made made by:

COD = BOD5 x 2.5

(Based on a 5 day BOD test)

If the COD is not measured at all, use the industry average of 1500mg/L

Average outlet COD - Average chemical oxygen demand of the discharge water over the reporting year. If BOD is measured instead of COD, a conversion can be made made by:

COD = BOD5 x 2.5

(Based on a 5 day BOD test).

If the outlet COD is not measured, use the industry average of 25mg/L

% Methane flared or combusted - % of the methane produced from wastewater treatmemt either flared or combusted to produce energy. For most sites this will likely be zero.

Solid waste

Total waste - Solid waste can include but is not limited to packaging material, organic waste, municipal waste, tyres, chemical containers and other sources of winey waste. This waste should only include waste that has been produced as a direct result of the winery practices. It should not include waste from cellar doors restaurants etc. Organic waste that was reused (for example marc composting/mulching) should be included in the tonnage figure for total solid waste. If precise measurements have not been taken of these numbers estimates are acceptable.

Waste to landfill - General, non-recyclable waste produced at the winery that will be sent to landfill.

Organic process waste - All organic waste produced in the winemaking process (for example marc, stalks and organic sludges) should be included in the tonnage figure for total organic waste. If precise measurements have not been taken of these numbers, estimates are acceptable. Tonnage of marc can be estimated by taking the extracted juice from your total tonnes crushed figure, or using 200kg of marc per t of grapes crushed.

Waste to recycling - Non-organic waste collected for recyling e.g. Paper, plastics, glass containers etc.

Onsite composting - Mass of organic waste used to produce compost onsite. Composting is a process of breaking down organic matter in mounds to produce an organic fertilizer for spreading on soils.

Fuel use (on site use only)

Natural gas - Natural gas volume used during the year, for example to drive vehicles, boilers and other machinery used in the winery operation. Note: 1 GJ = 1000 MJ

Petrol - Petrol, both Unleaded and Premium Unleaded, used during the year, for example to drive vehicles and other machinery used in the winery operation and associated transport. Do not include petrol used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

Diesel - Diesel used during the year, for example to drive vehicles, generators, boilers and other machinery used in the winery operation and associated transport. Do not include diesel used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

LPG - Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) volume used during the year, for example to drive vehicles and other machinery used in the winery operation and associated transport.

LPG purchased by kg can be converted to L by multiplying by 2.

Biodiesel - Biodiesel used during the year, for example to drive vehicles and other machinery used in the winery operation and associated transport. Do not include biodiesel used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

Electricity

Electricity from the grid - Electricity purchased from the grid. You may purchase electricity from multiple tariffs (e.g. peak and off-peak). You will need to add these tariffs together.

Do not include reductions for electricity exported to the grid from solar panels or other self generation sources.

Generated renewable electricity - Total amount of electricity used from solar panels, wind turbines and other renewable sources generated onsite. This may not be metered directly if excess electricity production is exported to the grid. This can be calculated by subtracting the amount of electricity exported (shown on your electricity bills) from the total electricity generated from solar, etc (measured by your inverter).

Most inverters have a web server that you can login to for generation statistics.

Winemaking CO2

Purchased CO2 - CO2 purchased for winemaking purposes (e.g. Dry ice production, inert gas cover, etc)

Synthetic refrigerants (excluding ammonia, hydrocarbons, CO2)

Refrigerant - Refrigerant name and charge size can be found on the name plate found on the refrigeration unit.

Small office air-conditioning systems, kitchen fridges, etc do not need to be included.

 

Vineyard data

Please fill in all questions. If not applicable fill with a 0.

Vineyard size

Grapes harvested - The total tonnage of winegrapes that you harvested in the financial year of reporting, do not include un-picked grapes.

Vineyard area - Include total area of all winegrapes (including any non-producing vineyard areas, such as newly planted and "mothballed" vineyard areas).

Biodiversity area - Please Note: In order to avoid double counting please report only on the Biodiversity Area that is associated with this site. Calculate the area that you actively contribute to (either on the same property as the vineyard / winery or off site), with the primary purpose being to protect, maintain, restore, rehabilitate or revegetate native habitat. This can include areas that have a secondary recreational, income-generating or waste management purpose (such as eco-tourism, carbon farming or releasing treated winery wastewater) provided that these activities do not degrade the native habitat potential of the area. However, do not include areas that are used regularly for domestic animal grazing. You can include in this figure areas that are not owned by the business, but that your business makes the leading contribution to the care of, for example through weed control and revegetation of a nearby creek on public land. Do not include the area of native plant cover crops in the vineyard.

Fuel use (on site use only)

Petrol - Report Unleaded and Premium Unleaded as Petrol. Petrol used in vehicles and other machinery such as generators that were used in the vineyard operation and associated transport. Do not include petrol used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

Diesel - Diesel used in vehicles, pumps and other machinery such as generators or frost fans that were used in the vineyard operation and associated transport. Do not include diesel used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

LPG - LPG used in vehicles and other machinery such as generators or bird scaring equipment that were used in the vineyard operation and associated transport.

LPG purchased by kg can be converted to L by multiplying by 2

Biodiesel - Biodiesel used in vehicles and other machinery such as generators or bird scaring equipment that were used in the vineyard operation and associated transport. Do not include biodiesel used to fill employee's personal vehicles.

Vineyard floor management - How much of your vineyard area is covered by each option listed below? Please state 0 if not applicable.

Permanent cover crop native - Report the area of native grass and herbs that were sown this year, or sown in previous years and are being actively maintained (Includes situations where by careful spraying, or avoiding slashing during seed-set and/or weeding out non-natives).

Permanent cover crop non native - Report permanent plantings of non-native species in the mid-row e.g. rye grass, buckwheat or clover.

Permanent cover crop volunteer sward - Report the area of vineyard of non-native volunteer sward (non-native vegetation that established 'voluntarily' or without the need for sowing) in your vineyard for all or part of the year.

Annual cover crop - Report the area of mid-row cover crop (either sown e.g. oats or beans, or volunteer) that was maintained over all or part of your vineyard area for part of the year.

Bare soil - Report the area of vineyard that had no vegetation across the entire area.
Examples include 'clean cultivated' and 'total herbicide'.
Do not count undervine herbicide band.

Irrigation types - How many hectares are irrigated under each irrigation type? Please state 0 if not applicable.

Irrigation type - Dripper - Area of vineyard irrigated by dripper.

Irrigation type - Undervine Sprinkler - Area of vineyard irrigated by undervine sprinkler.

Irrigation type - Overhead Sprinkler - Area of vineyard irrigated by overhead sprinkler. If overhead sprinklers are used primarily for frost control and the main irrigation system is undervine (undervine sprinkler or dripper), please do not report overhead sprinkler area.

Irrigation type - Flood - Area of vineyard irrigated by flood.

Irrigation type - Non-irrigated - Area of non-irrigated vineyard.

Water source - How much water is taken from each source listed below? Please state 0 if not applicable.

River water - River water means water that is collected from rivers either directly by your operation or via an irrigation scheme that draws water predominantly from rivers.

Groundwater - Ground water is water collected directly from bores on your property or via an irrigation scheme that primarily sources ground water.

Surface water dam - Rainwater run-off collected on the property is rainwater collected on the property from overland flow or springs and building rooves into water storages such as dams and tanks on the property; rain water may be collected by drains and creeks that flow into dams on the property after rainfall events.

Recycled water from winery - Recycled winery wastewater is water that has been used as part of winemaking practices that has been collected and treated sufficiently to allow use for vineyard irrigation, potentially by ‘shandying’ or mixing with water from other sources.

Recycled water from other source - Recycled wastewater from a non-winery source can include any alternate source of recycled water that is applied to the vineyard, such as from treated domestic stormwater or wastewater.

Mains water - Mains water this is water accessed from municipal domestic water supply systems

Other water - Other is water derived from sources that are not listed above, for example this could include water that has been carted to the property during drought conditions.

Electricity

Electricity from the grid - Electricity purchased from the grid. You may purchase electricity from multiple tariffs (e.g. peak and off-peak). You will need to add these tariffs together.

Do not include reductions for electricity exported to the grid from solar panels or other self generation sources.

Generated renewable electricity - Total amount of electricity used from solar panels, wind turbines and other renewable sources generated onsite. This may not be metered directly if excess electricity production is exported to the grid. This can be calculated by subtracting the amount of electricity exported (shown on your electricity bills) from the total electricity generated from solar, etc (measured by your inverter).

Most inverters have a web server that you can login to for generation statistics.

Use of contractors

Harvesting - If a combination of contractors and self performed exists, select the option which covers the majority of the operation.

Spraying - If a combination of contractors and self performed exists, select the option which covers the majority of the operation.

Slashing - If a combination of contractors and self performed exists, select the option which covers the majority of the operation.

Fertilisers

Synthetic nitrogen - Nitrogen content (NOT total fertiliser mass) of all synthetic fertilisers applied to the vineyard. Include nitrogen from Urea, even though it is asked again later.

The nitrogen content of fertilisers is stated on the fertiliser packaging. Most fertiliser packaging will have a sequence of numbers such as "21 | 3 | 20". This information pertains to the concentration (as a %) of the elements Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium (N-P-K) in the fertiliser. Therefore in a 20kg bag of fertiliser with a label stating 21 - 3 - 20 the nitrogen content would be 21% of 20kg = 4.2kg of N.

If the fertiliser is liquid based, then the N-P-K value is quoted as %w/v (weight per volume). A 12% nitrogen fertiliser contains 0.12 kg of nitrogen per L. Therefore 50L of this liquid fertiliser would contain 12% x 50L = 6kg of N.

If nitrogen is not directly known, click the "Assist me" button to calculate nitrogen from known fertiliser rates.

Organic nitrogen - Nitrogen content (NOT total fertiliser mass) from organic fertilisers, e.g. Manure, blood and bone, etc. The nitrogen contents and moisture contents of organic fertilisers can vary considerably and is not always known. Click the "Assist me" button to calculate nitrogen from common organic fertilisers using general averages.

Urea - In addition to containing nitrogen, which produces emissions, Urea undergoes another special reaction called hydrolysis which causes another emission when it breaks down.

So even though the nitrogen content of urea was included in the question above, we still need to record the total mass (not N content) of urea used separately.

Please enter the total Urea content of all fertilisers applied. Note that some fertilisers contain Urea as an ingredient. For example:

Urea = 100% Urea
UAN ~ 35% Urea
Easy N ~ 50% Urea

Urea content should be shown on the fertiliser label.
If unknown, the fertiliser assistant can be used to calculate nitrogen rates from predefined synthetic and organic fertilisers.